Historians generally agree that the naming of generations began in the 20th-century. Gertrude Stein is considered the first to have done so.
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She bestowed the title of Lost Generation on those who had been born around the turn of the century and bore the brunt of service during World War I. Generational theorists Neil Howe and William Strauss are generally credited with identifying and naming the 20th-century generations in the U. Canadian author Douglas Coupland, born in at the tail end of the Baby Boom, is credited with naming the generation that followed him.
Coupland's book " Generation X: Tales For an Accelerated Culture ," and later works chronicled the lives of somethings and came to be seen by some as defining that era's young.
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Generational theorists Neil Howe and William Strauss suggested the name Thirteeners for the 13th generation born since the American Revolution for Generation X, but the term never caught on. Credit for naming the generations that followed Generation X is less clear.
In the early s, the children following Generation X were often referred to as Generation Y by media outlets like Advertising Age, which is credited with first using the term in But by the mid-'90s, as buzz about the turn of the century grew, this generation was more often referred to as Millennials, a term Howe and Strauss first used in their book. The name for the most recent generation varies even more.
Some prefer Generation Z, continuing the alphabetical trend begun with Generation X, while others prefer buzzier titles like Centennials or the iGeneration.
While some generations are known by one name only, such as the Baby Boomers, names for other generations is a matter of some dispute among experts. The Center for Generational Kinetics lists the following five generations who are currently active in America's economy and workforce:. It's worth remembering that the concept of social generations like these is largely a Western notion and that generational names are often influenced by local or regional events. In South Africa, for example, people born after the end of apartheid in are referred to as the Born-Free Generation.
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Romanians born after the collapse of communism in are sometimes called the Revolution Generation. Adults participated eagerly in the consumer economy, using new-fangled credit cards and charge accounts to buy things like televisions, hi-fi systems and new cars. But manufacturers and marketers had their eyes on another group of shoppers as well: the millions of relatively affluent boomer children, many of whom could be persuaded to participate in all kinds of consumer crazes.
They collected hula hoops, Frisbees and Barbie dolls. As they grew older, some baby boomers began to resist this consumerist suburban ethos. They began to fight instead for social, economic and political equality and justice for many disadvantaged groups: African-Americans, young people, women, gays and lesbians, American Indians and Hispanics, for example. Student activists took over college campuses, organized massive demonstrations against the war in Vietnam and occupied parks and other public places.
Young people also participated in the wave of uprisings that shook American cities from Newark to Los Angeles in the s. Today, the oldest baby boomers are already in their 60s.
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By , about one in five Americans will be older than 65, and some experts believe that the aging of the population will place a strain on social welfare systems. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present.
Its economy was booming, and House of Representatives, investigated allegations of communist activity in the U. Established in , the committee wielded its subpoena power as a As the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States intensified in the late s and early s, hysteria over the perceived threat posed by Communists in the U. The Great Society was an ambitious series of policy initiatives, legislation and programs spearheaded by President Lyndon B. Johnson with the main goals of ending poverty, reducing crime, abolishing inequality and improving the environment.
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In May , President Lyndon B. On November 24, , Jack Ruby , a year-old Dallas nightclub operator, stunned America when he shot and killed Lee Harvey Oswald , the accused assassin of President John Kennedy Two days earlier, on November 22, Kennedy was fatally shot Caroline Kennedy , the eldest child of President John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy , is a lawyer and author. Following her At the beginning of the s, many Americans believed they were standing at the dawn of a golden age.
On January 20, , the handsome and charismatic John F. Kennedy became president of the United States. The Detroit Riots were among the most violent and destructive riots in U.
By the time the bloodshed, burning and looting ended after five days, 43 people were dead, injured, nearly 1, buildings had been burned and some 7, National Guard and U. This Day In History.
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