While some bureaucrats successfully motivated businesses to upgrade, others left businesses in a desperate race to the bottom. In less than a decade, activism against the fossil fuel industry has exploded across the globe. While environmentalists used to focus on legislative goals, such as carbon emissions trading or renewable energy policies, today the most prominent activists directly attack the fossil fuel industry. This timely book offers a comprehensive evaluation of different types of activism, the success and impact of campaigns and activities, and suggestions as to ways forward.
This book is the first systematic treatment of the anti-fossil fuel movement in the United States.
An accessible and readable text, it is an essential reference for scholars, policymakers, activists, and citizens interested in climate change, fossil fuels, and environmental sustainability. Osgood Professor of Strategic Studies.
While acknowledging that the US must be careful about why, when, and how it uses force, he insists that its international role is as critical as ever, and armed force is vital to that role. If the United States relinquishes its position as a strong but prudent military power, and fails to accept its role as the guardian of a stable world order, it runs the risk of unleashing disorder, violence and tyranny on a scale not seen since the s. The failed Oslo peace process and the trauma of the Second Palestinian Intifada triggered this shift to the right; conflicts with Hamas and Hezbollah and the inflammatory rhetoric of Iranian President Ahmadinejad additionally contributed to the creation of a general sense of being under siege.
Kissinger Center for Global Affairs.
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On the basis of recently declassified documents, Gavin reassesses the strategy of flexible response, the influence of nuclear weapons during the Berlin Crisis, the origins of and motivations for U. Exploiting recently declassified documents from both the United States and Europe and employing economic analysis and international relations theory, Gavin offers a compelling reassessment of the Bretton Woods system of fixed exchange rates and dollar-gold convertibility, which he demonstrates to have been a highly politicized system that was prone to crisis and required constant intervention and controls to continue functioning.
The politicization of the global payments system allowed nations to use monetary coercion to achieve political and security ends, causing deep conflicts within the Western Alliance. Gavin reveals how these rifts dramatically affected U. Harper , Kenneth H. The East-West struggle for supremacy from to shaped the lives of hundreds of millions and brought the world to the brink of disaster on several occasions.
More than two decades on, the debate over its causes and dynamics is far from over. Drawing on the latest archival evidence and scholarly research, Harper provides a concise, briskly-written assessment of the Cold War. Tight controls and a focus on reaching pre-set measurable targets often prevent front-line workers from using skill, local knowledge, and creativity to solve problems in ways that maximize the impact of foreign aid.
Drawing on a novel database of over 14, discrete development projects across nine aid agencies and eight paired case studies of development projects, Honig concludes that aid agencies will often benefit from giving field agents the authority to use their own judgments to guide aid delivery.
Karlin explores the key national security issue of our time: how to effectively build partner militaries. Given the complex global security environment, declining US defense budgets, and an increasingly connected and often unstable world, the United States has an ever-deepening interest in strengthening fragile states. Particularly since World War II, it has often chosen to do so by strengthening partner militaries.
It will continue to do so, Karlin predicts, given US sensitivity to casualties, a constrained fiscal environment, the nature of modern nationalism, increasing transnational security threats, the proliferation of fragile states, and limits on US public support for military interventions.
Despite the successes achieved in liberalizing trade by multilateral trade negotiations sponsored by the World Trade Organization WTO , numerous countries have separately negotiated preferential trade treaties with one another.
The first section of this book presents a rudimentary and intuitive introduction to the economics of preferential trade agreements. Drawing on archival sources, comparative historical analysis, and case studies, Lawrence examines the movements for political equality that emerged in the French empire during the first half of the twentieth century. Within twenty years, they had been replaced by movements for national independence in the majority of French colonies, protectorates, and mandates.
Lawrence shows that elites in the colonies shifted from demands for egalitarian reforms to calls for independent statehood only where the French refused to grant political rights to colonial subjects.
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Nationalist discourses became dominant as a consequence of the failure to reform. Mass protests then erupted in full force when French rule was disrupted by war or decolonization. The end of the Cold War led to a dramatic and fundamental change in the foreign policy of the United States.
Mandelbaum shows how American efforts to bring peace, national unity, democracy, and free-market economies to poor, disorderly countries ran afoul of ethnic and sectarian loyalties and hatreds and foundered as well on the absence of the historical experiences and political habits, skills, and values that Western institutions require. During the seven decades from the US entry into World War II in to the present, economic constraints rarely limited what the United States did in the world.
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Institutionalized Regimes in Chile and Mexico, — Francisco E. Paperback Hardcover. Publication Date: Status: Available.
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Usually ships business days after receipt of order. Trim Size: 6" x 9". Illustrations: 4 line drawings. Subject: Comparative Politics.
Related Dual Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Institutionalized Regimes in Chile and Mexico, 1970-2000
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